moss believes sustainable design is a holistic design methodology; a practice that acknowledges the importance of surroundings as well as built space.
Our architecture promotes a wide range of environmental activities—from biodiversity, water quality, and agriculture to transportation, energy production, and waste management. If these concepts are developed in a communal atmosphere, resources and ideas can be shared among local occupants while waste is minimized and productivity is optimized.
moss provides full service architectural services to assist our clients through the entire architecture and construction process, from site selection and acquisition to occupancy, while taking great care of our client’s timeline, budgets, and aesthetic aspirations. Below is a detailed description of each architectural phase along with the drawings prepared.
All aspects of design need to be considered to truly make a design sustainable. This includes site design, water efficiency, materials and methods, energy and atmosphere, and indoor environmental quality. Of equal importance is understanding the impact of architecture on a micro-site, regional, and universal level. Any action performed on a project site has an impact on everything located downstream, which means we have a responsibility, even outside of our local frame of reference.
During schematic design moss will investigate site characteristics and, if requested, advise on LEED criteria so that the design has proper solar orientation for lighting and heating/cooling, and natural ventilation to provide proper passive design. Passive design strategies rely on natural and non-mechanical methods to cost effectively condition the space. At the Hermitage Passive House, window openings were oriented to the south with deep roof overhangs to maximize heat gain in the winter and reduction in the summer. To maximize natural light at the Erie Street Loft, we rearranged walls and added a glass walkway.
By exploring unique ways to reuse existing building stock for new uses, we have transformed several project building sites into beautiful structures that blend with their existing surroundings. An example of this approach is evident at Brew, where we transformed the ground floor of the historic Traverse City Opera House by exposing the original maple floors, yellow masonry, and rustic tin ceiling.
In the spirit of reuse and upcycling, our designs incorporate sustainable materials without sacrificing design integrity. We will advise on the cost and environmental savings achieved by incorporating alternative and efficient energy sources such as geo-thermal, solar, and wind and sourcing local, reclaimed, upcycled and salvaged materials. moss works collaboratively with the entire project team to provide cohesive and thoughtful design details. As an example, at Flirty Cupcakes salvaged elements were designed as a display of found oven doors and the custom bakery display was fabricated locally in Pilsen. 2 Sparrows Restaurant features locally made glass blown light fixtures and a bar top fabricated from a felled Chicago honey locust tree.
moss custom furniture also contains reclaimed local lumber. The 100-mile table is made from Illinois barnwood, and the Willow Springs Table is a rescued slab of storm damaged black walnut.
During the final stage of the design, moss will prepare construction documents which can be easily understood and provide precise detail for construction methods and submittal for permitting.
We assist our clients completely through the permitting process by completing permitting documentation. We will coordinate applying for approvals from the various municipal departments involved in reviewing building plans including Zoning and Building.
moss has strong relationships with their contractor partners and will help our clients engage a general contractor. Communication is the core of our client focused approach and we will be involved through the entire construction phase. Transparency and an online integrated project management system is employed to ensure the project is built according to plan, resulting in a smooth transition to occupancy.
Permaculture | Environmental Stewardship
Permaculture is a design system for meeting human needs while improving ecosystem health. As stated by Bill Mollison in Permaculture: A Designer’s Manual, in order for long-term consequences of our actions to promote sustainability for future generations, we need to use “species that are native to our area or those naturalized species know to be beneficial; use everything at its optimum level and recycle so-called wastes of any kind; use low energy environmental (solar, wind and water) and biological (plant and animal) systems to conserve and generate energy; bring food growing back into towns and cities, and plan for small-scale, energy efficient intensive systems rather than large-scale, energy-consuming extensive systems.”
Architectural design is not purely about what to include on a site but how the different elements are connected. Interconnection is the key and as part of our architectural approach, we incorporate permaculture design methodologies. Locally sourced and recycled materials become part of the building facade and interior. Alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, and geothermal are recommended. Buildings can also be used a growing medium for food and provide essential ecosystem services like habitat and rainwater collection and filtration. Native plants used around a buildings exterior build soils and degraded land while creating a biodiverse habitat for all living things.